Oleander - Oleander Nerium

The oleander (Nerium oleander) is an evergreen shrub of Mediterranean origin.

The oleander (Nerium oleander) is an evergreen shrub plant belonging to the Apocynaceae family, the only species of the genus Nerium.

The origin of the oleander is Asian but naturalized in the Mediterranean regions, where it now grows spontaneously. In recent years it is often grown in the gardens and terraces of lakes throughout Italy and in northern Italy such as Valtellina.

The oleander is a very common plant, due to its beauty and the decorative aspect of the evergreen foliage. Furthermore, being a very resistant and easy to grow plant, it adapts both in the open ground and in pots.

Oleandro - PLANT SHEET

First name Nerium Oleander
Family aponyaceae
Species one of a kind
Original Middle East, Mediterranean
Type of plant Evergreen flowering shrub
Usage Isolated shrub, groups, informal hedge, vase, espalier
Height up to 6 meters high
Growth Medium - slow
Maintenance simple, remove branches and dry daughters
Sun exposure Full sun
Ground it prefers a neutral or sub-acid pH, it adapts to both arid and humid soils, it does not tolerate water stagnation
Fertilizer in spring, and near flowering until the end of summer, use granular or liquid fertilizers .
Irrigation Abundant water in spring-summer and to be reduced in autumn and winter.
Minimum temperature 5 ° C degrees; protect with sheets
Flowering period From spring to summer, sometimes in early autumn and all year round in warmer climates
Pruning Just to reduce bulk, after flowering.
Flower color From pure white to pale yellow, peach, salmon and pink to deep burgundy red
Propagation Cutting, seed
Parasites and diseases
aphids, red spider mites, scale insects, Septoriosis, Oidium.

Important note : All parts of the plant are poisonous if ingested, both by humans and animals, as they contain substances (alkaloids) that interfere with the activity of the heart.